• ‚Äč
    • Share to Facebook
    • Twitter
    • Email
    • Print

October 3, 2014

Is My Cat Sick? Try This Seven-Step at-Home Exam

Learn how regular nose-to-tail check-ups will help you stay on top of your cat's health

Regular visits to the veterinarian are essential to keeping your cat healthy. You can keep tabs on how your cat is doing between vet visits with nose-to-tail checkups at home.

Get in the habit of running your hands all over your cat's body whenever she's cuddling with you or you're grooming her. This is the best way to discover problems before they become serious.

Call your veterinarian if you find any that concerns you.

Do the seven-step cat-health exam

1. Spend some time on your cat's skin

While petting your cat, feel for any lumps, scratches, scabs, swelling or any other irregularities. Dandruff and oily or missing fur can indicate skin or internal problems. Part the fur to look for fleas; specks that look like black pepper are actually "flea dirt" (flea feces that contain your cat's blood and turn red when wet). Keep an eye on any lumps, especially if they appear after a vaccination.

2. Examine your cat's ears

The hairless part of your cat's ears should be clean and odorless. If your cat is having problems, he may shake his head a lot and scratch his ears. Check for flaking, scabs, foul odor or discharge. If you see a black, gritty substance inside, he probably has ear mites, which are parasites that cause severe itching and are contagious to other cats.

3. Spy into your cat's eyes 

Look for bright, clear evenly focused eyes. If you see redness, discoloration or discharge, squinting or the emergence of the third eyelid, your cat may have a problem that requires a call to your veterinarian.

4. Make time for your cat's mouth 

Healthy gums are pink, pale or bright; red gums may mean something is wrong with your cat. Drooling and pawing at the mouth are cause for concern as well. Brown streaks and tartar build-up on the teeth may indicate a dental problem. If your cat's breath is so bad that you can't stand to have her near you, it's probably time for a veterinarian to take a look.

5. Don't be shy—get nosey with your cat

A cat's nose should be clean. Depending on his activity level and the temperature of his surroundings, his nose may be cold or warm. If your cat paws at his nose or sneezes frequently, or if you see mucous or other discharge, contact your veterinarian.

6. Take a look under your cat's tail

Look under her tail. If you see what looks like grains of rice or spaghetti, you are looking at signs of parasites—some of which may be spread to you or other pets. Your vet can give you medication to rid your cat of these unwanted guests.

7. Focus on your cat's feet 

Most cats don't like to have their feet touched. If yours doesn't mind, look for stuck-on litter, torn claws, cuts, swellings or infections. Also, check your cat's claws regularly to see if they need to be trimmed; untrimmed claws can inadvertently scratch you, get caught on carpet and furniture and grow into the paw.

Post-exam pointers

Give your cat the brush-off

If your cat likes to be brushed, finish off your exam with a nice grooming session. Brushing is good for removing loose fur, distributing oils and stimulating blood flow. Brushing also helps prevent hairballs, which cats cough up after they've swallowed too much fur from grooming themselves or another cat in the household.

Don't be a pill to your pussycat!

Never give your cat any medication without your veterinarian's advice. Many human drugs—such as aspirin, acetaminophen (Tylenol), cold medicines, anti-cancer drugs, diet pills and anti-depressants—can poison cats. Even vitamins can be toxic.

When it comes to your cat's health, be book-smart

All owners should have at book on cat care (ask your veterinarian for a recommendation) that includes a section on emergency first aid. While you should never try to be your own veterinarian, you can learn some emergency procedures that could minimize damage and keep your pet relatively comfortable on the way to the veterinarian. Now is the time to educate yourself.

Put together a first-aid kit for your kitten

Always have a basic pet first-aid kit on hand, even when you are traveling with your cat. If something goes wrong, you'll be thankful you thought ahead, and so will your cat.

  • Sign Up

    Get the latest pet news and action alerts.

  • Log in using one of your preferred sites
    Login Failure
  • Take Action
  • Save a life now: Pledge to adopt your next pet. Sign the Pledge

  • Shop

Looking for a pet?

Find your perfect match at a local shelter.

Shelter Pet Project
can help.