December 27, 2012
Watching Wildlife in Winter
You may be surprised by the flurry of activity right outside your window
Winter is a perfect example of the adage “less is more.” Leaves have fallen and there’s less ground vegetation which means more chances to see wildlife.
The quiet and calm of winter make animals’ activities and daily patterns more apparent.
Birds are silhouetted on bare branches, and rabbits make longer dashes between places of safe cover.
Who’s out there, and what are they doing?
- Chickadees stay active no matter how cold it gets, feeding constantly throughout the day and burning off half of the calories each night to keep warm.
- Titmice look for acorns, beech mast, peanuts, and seeds that they earlier stored under loose bark, in cracks on branches, or in the ground.
- Downy woodpeckers roost in tree cavities, which they excavate and line with wood chips.
- Song sparrows do not feed in flocks, so they tend to feed near shrubs or a brush pile that offer quick cover.
- White-throated sparrows nearly double in number at feeders in the coldest months. The highest-ranking bird of the flock sings most and tends to get first and longest access to food and closest access to cover.
- Juncos are seen at more feeding sites than are any other species. The top bird always feeds in the center of a patch of food.
- American goldfinches roost in conifers or in cavities within snow. They sometimes flock with chickadees and sparrows.
- Chipmunks spend part of the winter curled up in their burrows in a state of torpor, but they also wake often to eat. Though their food stores limit the number of times they must trek outside for food, they still forage on warmer winter days.
- Gray squirrels make watertight winter nests, using up to 26 layers of flattened, dried, green oak leaves and lining the cavity with shredded inner bark from dead trees. In winter, they retrieve the acorns, nuts, and maple seeds that they buried in fall and feed on tree buds and bark as backup foods.
- Blue jays provide an early warning of danger for many other species. When you hear a blue jay give an alarm call--usually signaling that a hawk is nearby--look quickly to catch a glimpse of other wildlife flying or scurrying for cover. Or, you may get to see a very grumpy-looking hawk, whose feeding opportunity has just been dashed by the blue jay's good deed!
If you want to see more… listen
Your eyes only see a little more than half of the circle around you, but your ears hear sounds from the whole circle. Bird calls, songs, or the drumming of woodpeckers let you know when and where to look long before you would be able to see the birds making these sounds, and slight rustlings in dried leaves alert you to foraging animals. So, walk softly, and listen carefully as you go!
Create a sanctuary
Enjoy the company of your wild neighbors in your own yard. Every day, more and more wildlife habitat is lost to the spread of development. But you can help wild animals in urban and suburban areas by offering them sanctuary in your own backyard (or front yard, roof-top garden, or deck), no matter how small. Learn how to make your green space into an Urban Wildlife Sanctuary.