May 7, 2010
No Country for Old Burros
Making life easier for the working horses of Mexico
by Dr. Eric Davis, DVM
We had been traveling for hours through the foothills of the Sierra Gorda, bouncing along the narrow dusty road, between cactus and thorn bush, with the occasional brilliant jacaranda tree in full purple bloom.
A cow or little herd of goats wandered here and there, as we passed through one tiny community of drab brick buildings after another. I hoped that the Alamo car rental facility at the León airport would not look under the van when I returned it in another week; the rocky road was punishing the transmission of the vehicle with regular crashes and bangs.
We rounded a turn, and a line of shear peaks rose into the sky directly ahead of us. I could see the white scar of the road that wound back and forth, in endless switchbacks, as it climbed into the clouds above. It was as if somebody had randomly selected this mountain and stubbornly built a road to the top for no particular reason. It was clear that this would be a very long day.
Together we care for equines
Two hours later, when we finally arrived in the little town of La Paloma, the farmers with their horses and burros were already waiting for us. We were working with a team of Mexican veterinarians and students from the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), part of a very successful project that provides veterinary care for donkeys and horses in the poor rural areas of Mexico.
This clinic was truly an international effort, and the sign on the door of UNAM's van—Unidos cuidamos a los equidos en Mexico, or together we care for equines in Mexico—proved it. Aside from the students and veterinarians from the USA and Mexico, we had a student from Germany and a veterinarian from Peru. We also received support from the Donkey Sanctuary in Scotland and the International League for Equine Protection, a British animal welfare organization.
As we were getting started, one particularly venerable burro stood out among the group. His gray muzzle and thin face spoke of age, and the white hair on his withers was the result of years of packing wood, corn, water and otra cosas, around the ravines and steep trails of the Sierra Gorda. The owner, whose white hair and grizzled face made him a perfect match for his pack animal, was concerned that his companion and coworker was losing weight.
Veterinary care, comfort
A physical examination revealed a strong heart, clear lungs and normal abdomen in the old burro; however, when Dr. Jose Antonio looked in the animal's mouth, the cause of the weight loss was clear. Decades of chewing coarse grass, leaves and corn stalks had left several teeth broken and jagged, making normal chewing impossible. Using equipment provided by veterinarians of the Equitarian Project in the USA—not to mention strong skills in dentistry—the UNAM veterinarians went to work. Soon, the broken teeth were removed and the sharp edges made smooth.
While all this was going on, the UNAM team's resident saddle maker, Joaquin, was weaving a new cinch for the burro's pack saddle. Always surrounded by local farmers, who watch him work at his portable loom, Joaquin is well known for making broad, soft girths of natural cotton chord. These woven bands greatly improve the comfort of working horses, mules and donkeys, who otherwise would have their saddles attached with abrasive and synthetic rope. As you can see, this was truly a full-service clinic for these horses.
With a mouth full of newly-sculpted teeth, our old burro—with the comfortable new tack on his back—and his companion started up the trail from La Paloma to their home in the mountains.
Life will remain hard for the burros, as well as the people, in these mountains. But as this world gets smaller, and we work together, it will get better—poco y poco.