The sudden death of a New York City carriage horse on October 23 is once again shining a light on the inhumane plight of horses who have to live in multistory warehouses without pasture, endure harsh pavement and loud noises and breathe exhaust from car tailpipes for eight or nine hours every day.

The horse, Charlie, collapsed in the street on the way to work in Central Park. A necropsy is being performed to determine the cause of death.

"The inhumane and dangerous horse-drawn carriage industry has no place in our modern cities," says Patrick Kwan, New York state director for the Humane Society of the United States. "Fortunately, we now have a viable alternative."

1/6/14 Update: New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio is championing legislation that would immediately retire the city's carriage horses. The HSUS is offering lifelong, loving care to some of these long-suffering horses at our Cleveland Amory Black Beauty Ranch and Duchess Sanctuary. Learn more.

(Re)enter the horseless carriage

New "horseless carriage" vintage-replica electric cars are now in production, thanks to New Yorkers for Clean, Livable and Safe Streets (NYCLASS). Car maker Jason Wenig of The Creative Workshop designed the cars to complement the charm of Central Park. If all goes well, the first vintage cars could be on the streets for test drives in a few months.

Eco-friendly and animal friendly

"The new eco-friendly cars will give tourists a neat way to move around the city, preserve the jobs of the carriage horse drivers and give horses a break," Kwan said.

Unlike horse-drawn carriages, the electric vehicles will comply with government safety regulations and will be registered with the New York State Department of Motor Vehicles.

Documented cruelty

In 2007, the New York City Comptroller's Office released an independent audit documenting the inhumane conditions in which carriage horses live and work. The report stated that horses are forced to stand in their own waste and lack adequate water and protection from the elements. A follow-up report in 2009 found the industry was still failing to meet these most basic of needs. Current regulations also do not protect horses from being sent to slaughter after they are "spent" by the industry.

Already banned

During the past 10 years, there have been a number of accidents and deaths involving carriage horses in New York and other American cities. Citing the issues of safety and animal welfare, Paris, London, Beijing and several U.S. cities have banned carriage horses from their streets.

Kinder, safer and still vintage

"The jobs that have been provided by the carriage horse industry can easily be replaced by these new vintage-replica cars," Kwan said. "Switching to these show cars will keep our streets safer and provide a humane alternative to using horses."

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