In a pack, dogs have many ways to show the leader that they accept their role as top dog and thus avoid a confrontation. One way is to roll on their backs and urinate on themselves.
Submissive urination is common and normal in puppies, who will usually outgrow the behavior. But some puppies remain timid into adulthood, and submissive urination can become a problem in the home.
Signs of submissive urination
If your dog pees at the following times, you are probably dealing with submissive urination:
- When they are being scolded
- When a person approaches them
- When they are being greeted
- When there's a disturbance such as a loud argument or sirens blaring
- While making submissive postures, such as crouching, tail tucking, or rolling over and exposing their belly
If your dog urinates when they are playing or being greeted but doesn’t exhibit submissive postures, they ha a different problem: excitement urination.
Why your dog urinates in submission
Dogs who behave this way are usually shy, anxious or timid and may have a history of being treated harshly or punished inappropriately. A dog who's unclear of the rules and unsure how to behave will be chronically insecure. They pee and adopts submissive postures to mollify anyone they perceive as a "leader" and to avoid punishment.
How you can help your dog stop
First, take your dog to a veterinarian to rule out any medical reasons for the behavior.
The, start building up their confidence with these steps:
- Teach them commands using positive reinforcement training methods.
- Keep their routine and environment as consistent as possible.
- Gradually expose them to new people and new situations and try to ensure that their new experiences are positive and happy.
- Keep greetings low-key (no bear hugs or loud voices, which your dog may perceive as acts of dominance).
- Encourage and reward confident postures such as sitting or standing.
- Give them an alternative to submissive behaviors. For example, have them "sit" or "shake" as you approach, and reward them for obeying.
- Avoid approaching them with postures that they may interpret as dominant or confrontational. Avoid direct eye contact; look at their back or tail instead. Get down on their level by bending at the knees rather than leaning over from the waist. Ask others to approach them in the same way. Pet them under the chin rather than the top of their head. Approach them from the side, rather than head on, and/or present the side of your body to them.
- Eliminate odors wherever your dog submissively urinates, especially if they aren't completely house-trained.
- Don't punish or scold them for submissive urination. This will only make the problem worse.
- If your dog is extremely fearful, ask your vet about medications that may help during the retraining process.
Above all, be patient. It will take time for your dog to gain confidence, but with you leading the way, they can overcome their fears and blossom into a happy, secure dog.