Ducks are social birds who live in waterways such as ponds and streams, with a maximum lifespan of about 20 years.

Part of the Anatidae bird family that also includes geese and swans, ducks are found on every continent except Antarctica. They have been domesticated as pets and farm animals for hundreds of years, and their popularity is evidenced by their frequent appearances as everything from cartoon characters to sports team mascots. But they are frequently raised in extreme confinement on factory farms for their eggs and meat, and the force-feeding of ducks to produce foie gras is particularly stressful and unhealthy.

duck taking flick from water
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Don’t feed the birds.

Feeding wild ducks at the neighborhood pond or local park might seem like an inviting way to bond with nature, but it’s not always healthy for our feathered friends. Ducks can find a balanced diet—including  grains, grasses, aquatic plants, insects and crustaceans—on their own in the wild. But people often feed them bread, crackers and human “junk food”—none of which provides the protein, nutrients and minerals that ducks need. If you’re going to feed ducks, stick to nutritional offerings like cracked corn, rice and birdseed. And keep it bite-sized: Ducks don’t chew.

ducks in water eating corn from an outstretched hand
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Did you know?

“Like water off a duck’s back” is not just an expression. Duck feathers are waterproof, even underwater.

Bird in birdbath, enjoying a humane backyard

No matter how big or small your outdoor space, you can create a haven for local wildlife. By providing basic needs like water, food and shelter, you can make a difference in your own backyard.

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