Update: The full Trophy Hunting by the Numbers report has been released, providing a global look at the scope and impact of trophy hunting.
A new poll shows that more than 75% of Americans oppose trophy hunting, and 82% oppose the trophy hunting and import of African lions and elephants, both listed as threatened under the Endangered Species Act. Notwithstanding this evidence of public opposition to trophy hunting, a stubborn minority is meeting at the Safari Club International’s convention in Las Vegas, Nevada, to congratulate each other on last year’s kills and shop or bid for their next pay-to-slay adventure—a profligate betrayal of threatened and endangered species, especially in light of the global biodiversity crisis.
The rate of species extinctions is accelerating, according to recent findings from the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, with around one million different animal and plant species considered to be directly threatened with extinction—more than ever before in human history. The second largest contributor to this crisis is identified as direct exploitation of organisms, such as poorly managed trophy hunting. And unfortunately, American trophy hunters continue to be the most prolific contributors to the trophy hunting industry in the world.
In a comprehensive analysis of the most recent international trade data from 2014 to 2018, we found that the U.S. continues to be the number one importer of hunting trophies in the world, responsible for 75% of the trade in trophies for the dates examined. (Because the U.S. has not reported trade data to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora database for 2019 to 2021, that data is not reflected.) The U.S. imported 72,617 trophies of mammal species listed under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, of which over 8,000 where of species listed as threatened or endangered under the Endangered Species Act. The number one animal imported was the American black bear with a staggering 45,048 trophies imported primarily from Canada between 2014 and 2018.
African lion and African savannah elephants have both suffered dangerous declines in their populations, with African lion populations decreasing an estimated 43% over the past century and African savannah elephant populations decreasing more than 50% over the last three generations. Yet, the U.S. imported 2,169 African lion trophies and 1,007 elephant trophies between 2014 and 2018.
With the deaths of Cecil, Mopane and other internationally beloved lions motivating us, we are fighting on multiple fronts to end America’s role in the demise of threatened and endangered species by trophy hunters. The Humane Society Legislative Fund is working to secure House language in the federal government’s annual funding bills to prevent the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service from issuing import permits for African lion and elephant trophies from Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. We’re also working closely with members of Congress to reintroduce the Prohibiting Threatened and Endangered Creature Trophies Act (known as the ProTECT Act), a bipartisan bill that would prohibit the import of trophies of any species listed as threatened or endangered under the Endangered Species Act.
And on the other side of this fight, Safari Club International and the trophy hunting industry is in Las Vegas, wining and dining elite patrons, patting each other on the back for the most animals killed, the most hunting milestones reached and the successful slaughter of all of the “African Big Five” (a lion, elephant, rhino, leopard and Cape buffalo). While COVID-19 safety concerns made it impossible to send observers this year, our investigation at the Safari Club International 2020 convention uncovered sales of illegal wildlife products and hunting trips that totaled hundreds of thousands of dollars—money that stays almost entirely in the pockets of the hunting outfitters. Safari Club International itself earned $6,564,072 from its 2020 convention, mostly from sales of hunts and other items donated to the Club and auctioned off at the convention; the convention is the Club’s biggest money-maker.
We’re waging a global campaign to expose and eliminate this exploitative industry forever, but it’s a big fight and we need your help. Please sign the pledge to end trophy hunting, ask the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to stop issuing trophy import permits and urge Congressmembers to support the reintroduction and passage of the ProTECT Act this year.
The U.S. Trophy Hunting by the Numbers full report will be released later in 2022.
Sara Amundson is president of the Humane Society Legislative Fund.