The Humane Society of the United States and Humane Society International present the Russell and Burch award to  scientists who have made outstanding contributions to the advancement of alternative methods in the areas of research, testing or higher education for the Russell and Burch Award. Alternative methods—also known as the Three Rs—are methods that can replace or reduce the use of animals or refine procedures so that animals experience less pain and suffering.

The award is named in honor of William Russell and Rex Burch, the scientists who formulated the Three Rs approach of replacement, reduction and refinement. The award recognizes those who have played an important role in limiting the use and suffering of animals in laboratories.

The Humane Society of the United States and Humane Society International bestowed the Russell and Burch award at the 12 World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences on Tuesday, Aug. 29 to Dr. Donald Ingber. Dr. Ingber received a $10,000 award and a plaque.


Recipients of the Russell and Burch Award are selected by a group of past honorees, including:

  • Uwe Marx, Ph.D., TissUse (2021)
  • Robert Kavlock, Ph.D., United States Environmental Protection Agency (2017)
  • Martin Stephens, Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University/CAAT (2014)
  • Julia Fentem, Ph.D. Unilever (2011)
  • Thomas Hartung, M.D., Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University (2009)
  • Rodger Curren, Ph.D., Institute for In Vitro Sciences (2007)
  • Bert van Zutphen, Ph.D., University of Utrecht (2005)
  • David Morton, M.R.C.V.S., Ph.D., University of Birmingham (2002)
  • Katherine Stitzel-Maurer, D.V.M., Procter & Gamble (1999)
  • Neil Wilcox, D.V.M., M.P.H., U.S. Food and Drug Administration (1998)
  • William Stokes, D.V.M., National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (1998)
  • Horst Spielmann, M.D., German National Center for the Documentation and Evaluation of Alternatives to Animal Testing (1997)
  • Andrew Rowan, D. Phil., Tufts University (1996)
  • Robert Van Buskirk, Ph.D., State University of New York at Binghamton (1995)
  • Michael Balls, D.Phil., European Centre for the Validation of Alternative Methods (1994)
  • Coenraad Hendriksen, D.V.M., Dutch National Institute of Health and Environmental Protection (1993)
  • Charles Branch, Ph.D., Auburn University (1992)
  • Alan Goldberg, Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University (1991)

Affiliations reflect the affiliation of the awardee at the time of the award.


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