The conservation story often heard in the United States is that trophy hunters are leaders of wildlife conservation as they are a major funding source—but is this story true?

Utilizing public data to assess how much trophy hunting actually contributes to overall wildlife conservation funding, the following report takes a deep dive into conservation funding to answer this question and found that 94% of wildlife conservation funding is unrelated to hunting of any type and trophy hunting of native carnivores is likely to contribute just 0.13% of funding. The high cost of regulating hunting means that it is unlikely that there is a net funding contribution from trophy hunters to wildlife conservation.

In short, rather than being the source of conservation funding, trophy hunters appear to the beneficiaries of wildlife conservation that is funded by others.

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coyote in Death Valley National Park
Mountain lion leaping from rock to rock
All Canada Photos
Alamy Stock Photo
Livestock predation nearly nil

Recent data should transform how we think about living with native carnivores like cougars, grizzly bears and wolves. In the United States, data shows that native carnivores kill far fewer than 1% of cattle and sheepdespite the constant rhetoric from those in agribusiness, including the government itself. The most recent data from the U.S. Department of Agriculture shows that farmers and ranchers lose nine times more cattle and sheep to health, weather, birthing and theft problems than to all predators combined. Those few losses can be mitigated with humane, cost-effective and non-lethal methods that work—yet only a fraction of cattle and sheep growers in the U.S. use them to protect their herds.


Grizzly Bears